DA Theory and Mathematics

p3-14 January 23 14:50-15:50

On the continuous time limit of the Ensemble Kalman Filter

Theresa Lange (TU Berlin), Wilhelm Stannat (TU Berlin)


We present recent results on the existence of a continuous time limit for Ensemble Kalman Filter algorithms. In the setting of continuous signal and observation processes, we apply the original Ensemble Kalman Filter algorithm proposed by [1] as well as a recent variant [2] to the respective discretizations and show that in the limit of decreasing stepsize the filter equations converge to an ensemble of interacting (stochastic) differential equations in the ensemble-mean-square sense. Our analysis also allows for the derivation of convergence rates with respect to the stepsize.

An application of our analysis is the rigorous derivation of continuous ensemble filtering algorithms consistent with discrete approximation schemes. Conversely, the continuous time limit allows for a better qualitative and quantitative analysis of the time-discrete counterparts using the rich theory of dynamical systems in continuous time.


[1] Burgers, G., van Leeuwen, P. J., Evensen, G. (1998). Analysis scheme in the ensemble Kalman filter. Monthly weather review, 126(6), 1719-1724.

[2] de Wiljes, J., Reich, S., Stannat, W. (2018). Long-Time Stability and Accuracy of the Ensemble Kalman-Bucy Filter for Fully Observed Processes and Small Measurement Noise. SIAM Journal on Applied Dynamical Systems, 17(2), 1152-1181.

Contact information

Ms. Theresa Lange Technical University Berlin (TU Berlin)