[17] Observational issues 2
[174] March 2, 12:0012:20 
On diagnosing observation error statistics with local ensemble data assimilation

J.A Waller (University of Reading), S.L. Dance (University of Reading), N. K. Nichols (University of Reading) 
Abstract 
Recent research has shown that the use of correlated observation errors in data assimilation can lead to improvements in analysis accuracy and forecast skill. As a result there is increased interest in characterizing, understanding and making better use of correlated observation errors. A simple diagnostic for estimating observation error statistics makes use of statistical averages of observationminusbackground and observationminusanalysis residuals. This diagnostic is derived assuming that the analysis is calculated using a best linear unbiased estimator. In this work, we consider if the diagnostic is still applicable when the analysis is calculated using ensemble assimilation schemes with domain localization. We show that the diagnostic equations no longer hold: the statistical averages of observationminusbackground and observationminusanalysis residuals no longer result in an estimate of the observation error covariance matrix. Nevertheless, we are able to show that, under certain circumstances, some elements of the observation error covariance matrix can be recovered. Furthermore, we provide a method to determine which elements of the observation error covariance matrix can be correctly estimated. In particular, the correct estimation of correlations is dependent both on the localization radius and the observation operator. 
Presentation file:  17_4_J.A.Waller.pdf 