Data Assimilation Seminar

Prof. Shunji Kotsuki (January 23, 2024, 9:00-10:30)

Affiliation Chiba University, Japan / RIKEN, R-CCS
Title Quantum Data Assimilation: A New Approach to Solve Data Assimilation on Quantum Annealers
Abstract Data assimilation is a crucial component in the Earth science field, enabling the integration of observation data with numerical models. In the context of numerical weather prediction (NWP), data assimilation is particularly vital for improving initial conditions and subsequent predictions. However, the computational demands imposed by conventional approaches, which employ iterative processes to minimize cost functions, pose notable challenges in computational time.
In this investigation, we propose a novel approach termed quantum data assimilation, which solves data assimilation problem on quantum annealers. Our data assimilation experiments using the 40-variable Lorenz model were highly promising, showing that the quantum annealers produced analysis with comparable accuracy to conventional data assimilation approaches. In particular, the D-Wave System's physical quantum annealing machine achieved a great reduction in execution time.

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